Fetch messages from API

You need your AfricasTalking username and APIKey for any request to our API. If you don't have an APIKey, please click here to get one

The Python code snippet below shows how to send airtime using our API.

The code uses our Python gateway class: AfricasTalkingGateway.py [ Download]

# Be sure to import the helper gateway class
from AfricasTalkingGateway import AfricasTalkingGateway, AfricasTalkingGatewayException

# Specify your login credentials
username = 'MyUsername'
apikey   = 'MyApikey'

# Create a new instance of our awesome gateway class
gateway = AfricasTalkingGateway(username, apikey)

#*************************************************************************************
#  NOTE: If connecting to the sandbox:
#
#  1. Use "sandbox" as the username
#  2. Use the apiKey generated from your sandbox application
#     https://account.africastalking.com/apps/sandbox/settings/key
#  3. Add the "sandbox" flag to the constructor
#
#  gateway = AfricasTalkingGateway(username, apiKey, "sandbox");
#**************************************************************************************

# Any gateway errors will be captured by our custom Exception class below, 
# so wrap the call in a try-catch block
try:
	# Our gateway will return 10 messages at a time back to you, starting with
	# what you currently believe is the lastReceivedId. Specify 0 for the first
	# time you access the gateway, and the ID of the last message we sent you
	# on subsequent results
	lastReceivedId = 0;
    
	while True:
		messages = gateway.fetchMessages(lastReceivedId)
        
		for message in messages:
			print 'from=%s;to=%s;date=%s;text=%s;linkId=%s;' % (message['from'],
			                                                    message['to'],
			                                                    message['date'],
			                                                    message['text'],
			                                                    message['linKId']
			                                                   )
			lastReceivedId = message['id']
	if len(messages) == 0:
		break

            
except AfricasTalkingGatewayException, e:
	print 'Encountered an error while fetching messages: %s' % str(e)

Parameter Location Description Required
API key Header API key generated from your account settings Yes
Accept Header This is the format you would like your data formatted. It may be application/xml or application/json. The default is application/xml. The gateway classes provided uses appliaction/json. No
username URL This is your username Yes
lastReceivedId URL This is the id of the message that you last processed. If this is your first call, pass in 0 Yes
XML
<?xml version="1.0"?>
  <AfricastalkingResponse>
    <SMSMessageData>
      <Messages>
        <from>+254711XXXYYY</from>
        <to>5252</to>
        <text>A test message</text>
        <linkId>messageLinkId</linkId>
        <date>2012-07-15 15:40:06</date>
        <id>1</id>
      </Message>
      .
      .
      .
      .
      <Message>
        <from>+254733YYYZZZ</from>
        <to>5252</to>
        <text>Another test message</text>
        <linkId>messageLinkId</linkId>
        <date>2012-07-15 15:47:06</date>
        <id>10</id>
      </Message>
    </Messages>
  </SMSMessageData>
</AfricastalkingResponse>
JSON

{"SMSMessageData":
  {"Messages":
    [
      {
        "from":"+254711XXXYYY",
        "to":"5252",
        "text":"A test message",
        "linkId": "messageLinkId",
        "date":"2012-07-15 15:40:06",
        "id":"1"
      },
      .
      .
      .
      .
      {
        "from":"+254733YYYZZZ",
        "to":"5252",
        "text":"Another test message",
        "linkId": "messageLinkId",
        "date":"2012-07-15 15:47:06",
        "id":"10"
      }
    ]
  }
}
Example using CURL client
curl -v -H "Accept: application/xml" -H "Apikey:fb752d3417021812f0961y6c9464832dd1adb1e555c73f1e7c32bcc006488674" https://api.africastalking.com/version1/messaging?username=myUsername&lastReceivedId=0 --insecure